Turning chains are used in crochet patterns for transitioning from row to row. Often when reading a pattern it will read, "Chain # and turn" or "Turn and Chain #"
Common abbreviations you'll see for the turning chain include tch or t-ch and are recognized by the Craft Yarn Council.
The general rule of thumb for turning chains is:
(Click on link to learn each stitch)
- Single Crochet (sc): one chain
- Half Double Crochet (hdc): two chains
- Double Crochet (dc): three chains
- Treble Crochet (tr): four chains
One thing to note is that the turning chain can be worked either before of after turning your work...it is largely a personal preference.
- Single crochet: Turning chain does not count as the first stitch. Work the first stitch of the row.
- All other stitches: Turning chain (normally) does count as the first stitch. Skip the first stitch and continue as usual.
With all of this being said, it it good to know the basics, but sometimes rules can be broken! If something doesn't look right, tweaking it a little is perfectly fine. Just be sure to do this for all rows so modifications are consistent looking.
Let's work a turning chain together...
Below we have a swatch of double crochet rows and we've the end of our row,
Because we're going to do the next row in double crochet too, chain three,
And flip the work over (turn):
Now we can continue with our row...happy crocheting!
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